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EMTP | Non-Linear Loads

ZnO Parameters

In EMTP, ZnO elements can be defined by an arbitrary number of segments. However, in HYPERSIM the ZnO model only considers 30 segments.


  • Use a maximum of 30 segments to characterize a ZnO.
  • To simulate a ZnO with very small segments, it is necessary to reduce the simulation time step and to increase the maximum number of iterations per time steps. Otherwise, non-characteristic behaviors can be observed in addition to a higher execution time because of the number of iterations required.

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